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    Clinical picture

Inability to move

Paralysis and its causes

Paralysis refers to the partial or complete malfunction of individual parts of the body (e.g. arm, leg) or entire body sections (e.g. a side of the body). From a neurological point of view, this is a disorder of the nerves or the transition from the nerves to the muscles. A distinction is made between incomplete paralysis (paresis), which means partial loss of force, and complete paralysis (plegia).

Paralysis can have various causes. It is often caused by diseases or damage to the brain, spine, neural pathways or muscles. Infections and various internal diseases can also cause paralysis. 

Common causes of paralysis include:

  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Spina bifida 
  • Herniated disc
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Stroke
  • Bleeding
  • Polyneuropathias (illnesses of multiple nerves)
  • Pediatric paralysis
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Brain inflammation (meningitis)
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
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The causes can be divided into three groups:

The cause of peripheral paralysis is damage to the nerves or to the connections between the nerve and muscle, e.g. crushing of the nerves (e.g. due to an accident or slipped disc).

The cause of central paralysis is an injury to the brain or spinal cord, e.g. in the event of a stroke or brain bleeding.

The cause of paralysis occurs in the muscles themselves, e.g. inflammatory muscles or muscle diseases.

Hand orthoses make it possible!

Riding a handbike despite paraplegia

Colorful tattoos, bright blue eyes and almost always a smile on his face – today we pay a visit to Daniel in Upper Austria. At first glance, the 32-year-old doesn't even notice his difficult fate: Daniel was a paramedic and was hit by a passing car as he was attending an accident scence. Since then, he has been paralyzed from the sixth cervical vertebra downwards. Much of what he took for granted up until his accident suddenly became distant memories. However, this does not prevent the young athlete from realizing his dreams...

Symbol C-Brace® | © Pohlig GmbH

Is your knee musculature paralyzed? Then the computer-controlled C-Brace® leg orthosis gives you a completely new freedom of movement!

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Patient stories

Martin has been paralyzed from his chest down since his motorcycle accident. We build him a tool for fly fishing. He travels all over the world.

Make an appointment

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All-round care!

We have the solution

We offer you a wide range of orthotic treatment options. From hand orthoses and everyday aids to leg orthoses and corsets – our goal is to find a care solution that is optimally tailored to your needs.

Our aids are individual building blocks of the medical and therapeutic treatment concept. Amazing results for paralyzed patients can be achieved in combination with physiotherapy and rehabilitation aids.

Handbike fahren trotz Querschnittslähmung | © Pohlig GmbH