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The feet are the most important foundation of our body. If they are afflicted by a malposition, it will affect the entire musculoskeletal system. It is not uncommon for pain in the knees, hips and back to occur over the course of a lifetime as a result of malpositioned feet. This makes it all the more important to take deformities of the foot seriously and treat them in a timely manner.
Foot malpositions that occur in childhood can be both congenital and acquired. Congenital foot malpositions are either genetically induced or caused by a forced position in the womb. This unfavorable posture is due to the limited space of the unborn child in the uterus.
Acquired foot malpositions develop during the growth of the child’s feet – for example, in the case of obesity, lack of movement or if the children’s shoes are not fit correctly.
The basis of the diagnosis is a thorough examination of the child’s feet when walking, standing and lying down. In doing so, the doctor pays particular attention to the gait of the child. If there are any abnormalities or deviations in shape, the feet must be appropriately treated. The treatment of foot deformity depends on its cause and severity.
If there is a pronounced foot deformity, corrective orthotics, custom orthopedic shoes, as well as physiotherapy may be necessary. Only when all these measures do not help should parents think about surgery.