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The feet are the foundation of our body. Deformities of the foot have an effect on the entire musculoskeletal system. It is not uncommon for pain in the knees, hips, and back to occur as a result of foot malalignments. This makes it all the more important to take deformities of the foot seriously and treat them in a timely manner.
Foot deformities that occur in childhood can be both congenital and acquired. Congenital foot deformities are either genetically induced or caused by abnormal positions in the womb. These abnormal positions are usually caused by insufficient space in the womb.
Acquired foot deformities develop during the growth of the child’s feet. For example, overweight children may develop foot deformities as a result of lack of movement or incorrectly fitting shoes.
Diagnoses of foot deformities are informed by thorough examinations of the child’s feet when walking, standing, and lying down. The doctor will pay particular attention to the child’s gait pattern. If there are any abnormalities present, the feet must be appropriately treated. The treatment of foot deformities depends on the cause and severity of each deformity.
If there is a pronounced foot deformity, corrective orthoses, custom orthopedic shoes, as well a physiotherapy may be necessary. Only when all these measures fail should parents consider surgical interventions.